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Electrical mechanisms

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In the electrical mechanisms section of our online store you will find a wide selection of mechanisms to equip your home and decorate it properly with different frames and keys, in different shapes and colors. We have surface mechanisms and embedded mechanisms with the main series of mechanisms of the main brands, such as Siemens BJCScheneider ElectricSimonNiessen or Jung

Then you can navigate through the different subcategories of mechanisms, you can first choose whether you are looking for flush or surface mechanisms, and once inside, you can choose by brands of mechanisms.

 

If you want to know more about the mechanisms, we tell you more about the different existing types, the characteristics of each type, how to install them and recommendations.

 

Remember, we have a wide range of all types of mechanisms in our online store. The best brands in mechanisms, BJC, SIMON, Scheneider, JUNG, everything you need and much more in our online store.

 

What is an electrical mechanism?

The term "electrical mechanisms" is the professional term for the classic switches and plugs, which we all know. Its traditional definition would be "maneuvering elements and socket bases", however, within the mechanisms we must also include specific elements for telecommunications, such as antenna and SAT sockets and telephone and internet sockets.

 

Types of electrical mechanisms

Nowadays there is a wide variety of mechanisms, of all shapes and colours that we can imagine, designed to fit into any type of environment or decoration.

 

We can classify these mechanisms according to different criteria. The main criterion would be its function, in this way we differentiate between switches, plugs and sockets for telecommunications. The first, are elements of maneuver that help us to control the flow of current, and the second bases of socket of current from which we can take electrical energy for the different uses that we want to give it. Third parties are basically data sockets, from TV signal to internet or telephone data.

 

In the plugs category, we can classify them according to their specific characteristics:

 

Earthing plugs: This is the usual plug that we can find in most of our homes. The installation has three cables, phase, neutral and ground. They are easily distinguished by their metal sideburns visible to the naked eye. The ground wire protects against discharges produced by indirect contacts.

 

We have the plugs without earth connection: Its installation only consists of phase and neutral, the connector is narrower, reason why not all the apparatuses can be connected. It is generally used to connect small lamps and appliances.

 

Sockets for ovens: Like the previous ones, their installation consists of 3 cables, phase, neutral and ground, however the section of the cables is usually larger than in normal grounded plugs, they are prepared for 25A. They are also usually larger in size.

 

USB plugs: Its implementation is relatively recent. They are plugs with 12 volt USB connection. It is used for mobile phones, tablets and small electronic devices that usually use a micro USB cable to charge. This type of plug allows you to do without the transformer you usually have to connect. These USB plugs have a 12V connector. They are used for electronic devices such as mobiles or tablets. They are usually charged by USB and already begin to install mechanisms that have several sockets with this type of connection that save having to have a cable with its transformer for each element.

 

As far as the switches are concerned, we can find the following types:

 

Traditional switch:  Your installation has 2 cables. They are widely used in homes for lighting control, but can also be used to turn off and on any other electrical appliance.

 

Commutator switch: The switches are similar to the switches, but their installation consists of 3 cables, in addition they allow to turn on and off the same points of light from different points. They are interesting for installation in large rooms and corridors. In its installation, 2 of the cables communicate the switches and third is connected to the light point in question.

 

Crossover switch: Used when you want to make a switch where more than two switches are involved. For them it is necessary to install a crossover. 4 cables are required, 2 for each switch connected to the crossover switch.

Pushbutton: Its installation is identical to that of a switch, but unlike them, its natural state is turned off. When it is pressed, its state switches to on and when it is released, it switches back to off. It is common in bells and lights with automatic switch-off.

Regulator Switch: They are switches that allow to regulate intensity.

Within the specific mechanisms of telecommunications we have the following:

TV and SAT antenna socket: Coaxial cable is generally used for installation. Both takes usually come together in the same mechanism. The TV socket is usually located on the left with one male and the other to the right with a female. In old houses the SAT socket is usually not wired.

Telephone jack RJ11: This is the usual connection for telephone cable. For installation, 2-wire wiring with a cross-section of 0.51 millimetres is used.

Internet socket RJ45: These are the sockets used for Internet connection. They are not usually installed in homes, as the connection reaches the router via coaxial cable or optical fiber, and from there is distributed via wifi. If they are very common in workspaces, mainly in offices. UTP or FTP 8-wire cable is used.

Other types of mechanisms that are uncommon or unique in their genre are:

Cable exit. This is a lid with a hole through which a cable can easily be pulled out. It is often used for musical threads. The speaker cables do not have a connector, so they must be routed directly to the speaker.

Blind lids. Blind lids have a purely aesthetic function. They are used with installations where more box mechanisms are installed than initially required. These are installations that foresee future expansion by means of new mechanisms. In this way the lids are used to hide the holes where the mechanisms will be installed in the future. Many times, being forward-thinking, more boxes of mechanisms are placed than necessary, thinking about future expansions of the installation. To be able to conceal aesthetically, these sockets are fitted with blind covers.

Another type of classification that is complemented with the previous one attends to the form in which they are installed. In this way all the previous mechanisms can be found installed in the following way:

Embed. They are the most common, as their name indicates, they are embedded in the wall, inside boxes to be embedded. Your cables are hidden and only the essential part of the mechanism, necessary to connect or use, is visible.

Surface. They are usually used when for any reason, you can not or do not want to do works to hide the wiring and mechanism. In this way, the cables are inserted inside the PVC channels seen on the wall and led to the mechanism that will be installed on the surface.

They are specific mechanisms for use outdoors and are usually surface. They are IP44 certified, allowing them to get wet and operate smoothly.

Mecanismos eléctricos 

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